Pertussis (whooping cough) is caused by bacteria. People of any age can get pertussis. Young children who have not been immunized get sicker than older children and adults.
Children who are immunized against pertussis (whooping cough) usually do not get the disease. Pertussis vaccine is offered as part of routine immunizations in BC.
The infection usually starts with a runny nose and cough. Children with whooping cough don’t usually have a fever. Soon the cough worsens. The child may need to take a big breath and may make a “whoop” sound. The attack of coughing may last so long that the child becomes blue in the face and may vomit.
It takes a long time for children to get over whooping cough. They may be sick for 6 to 10 weeks.
Infants and younger children with whooping cough are at a high risk of complications, such as seizures, pneumonia, or dehydration. In infants, whooping cough can even be life-threatening.
It usually takes 7 to 10 days to get sick with whooping cough after coming into contact with someone who has it, but may take as long as 21 days.
Antibiotics help a person recover if taken very early in the illness. If taken later, antibiotics can help prevent the spread of bacteria that cause whooping cough.
People who are in close contact with someone with whooping cough and who are at high risk can also take antibiotics.
People at high risk from whooping cough include infants less than 1 year of age and pregnant women in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
To protect those at high risk, all household and child care centre contacts of a case of whooping cough receive antibiotics - if there is a child less than 1 year of age, or a pregnant woman in the last 3 months of pregnancy, in the household or the child care centre.
Whooping cough is spread in droplets coughed, sneezed or breathed into the air by someone with whooping cough, or by direct contact with the fluids from the nose and throat of someone with whooping cough.
People with whooping cough spread the disease from the time they get the infection until three weeks after coughing starts. Infants, who have not been immunized, may be infectious for up to 6 weeks after the cough begins.
Whooping cough is a reportable disease in British Columbia. The child care centre or school must report a case of whooping cough to the local Community Health Centre.